Whistleblower Mario Goijman: „Sie haben mein Leben zerstört“

My lonely fight in favor of an honest sport has cost me too much, lawyers fees, trips, publications, justice fees, and the persecution of loyal creditors, that now are executing me and some other FAV members, has ruined me, my patrimony and my health.

Mario Goijman, Whistleblower

Mario Goijman, Köln 2011, Foto: www.playthegame.org, Tine Harden

Es gäbe unendlich mehr zu sagen als das, was ich für einige Medien zusammengefasst habe. Die unendliche Geschichte des Mario Goijman raubt mir den Atem. Einmal mehr zeigt sich, wie die Parallelgesellschaft Sport funktioniert: Whistleblower werden geächtet.

Ich habe Mario Goijman viel zu verdanken, das habe ich im Laufe der Jahre hier mehrfach erwähnt. Seine Präsentation auf der Play the Game Konferenz 2005 in Kopenhagen hat mich lange weinen lassen. Und sie hat mir, so merkwürdig es klingt, Kraft gegeben. Denn Goijman, der kein Journalist ist, hat Journalisten weltweit gezeigt, wie weit man mit Recherche kommen kann. Er hat eine Wahrheit erzählt über die verruchte Branche, er hat unglaubliche Dokumente vorgelegt (leider ist seine Webseite www.volleygate.com inzwischen abgeschaltet). Ich finde, Journalisten können sich an Goijman ein Beispiel nehmen. Das klingt alles ziemlich pathetisch. Egal. Man kann die Geschichte gar nicht oft genug aufschreiben. Mario Goijman braucht Hilfe.

„Bribes as salaries for sports leaders“

Mein Freund und Kollege Jens Sejer Andersen hat vergangene Woche an der Universität Antwerpen einen Vortrag zu einem ewig aktuellen (und derzeit wieder brandaktuellen) Thema gehalten, den ich gern veröffentliche. Es tauchen viele der üblichen Verdächtigen und alten Bekannten auf, ob nun der Handball-Pharao, Ruben Acosta oder Jean-Marie Weber. (Aus Zeitgründen muss ich leider weitgehend auf Verlinkungen verzichten, zu allen gibt es im Blog etliche Geschichten.)


The Magicians of Sport: How the Greatest Corruption Scandal in World Sport Vanished Before We Knew It Existed

By Jens Sejer Andersen

International Director and founder, Play the Game

Usually, I am a great admirer of magicians. People who can make elephants appear out of nowhere or escape from underwater cages hand-cuffed and wrapped in chains, really deserve respect.

There are, however, some magicians that we should beware of, and quite a few of them do their tricks in sport. I am not referring to artists like Lionel Messi or Justine Henin who can make unimaginable things with a ball. No, the magicians I would like to talk about are exercising their witchcraft more discreetly.

They do not seek our admiration over their skills. On the contrary: They shun the public eye so much that they have become experts in one aspect of magic: They know how to make us look in one direction while they do their work in the other direction, and more than that, when we look back we do not even notice something mysterious has happened.

Thanks to these magic abilities, a number of corruption scandals in the highest ranks of sports leadership continue to vanish, even before we realise that they actually exist.

Where were for instance your eyes looking in late June this year? I suppose that they, like mine, were directed at a flat screen TV to follow the last matches in the group stage of the FIFA world cup in South Africa.

Abracadabra! While we were staring on one of the greatest shows on earth, the biggest corruption scandal ever documented in sport disappeared out in the blue.

Did you notice?

If not, don’t feel ashamed. It was not meant for you to see.

While events in South Africa spellbound the world, a dry and formal sheet of paper was produced more than 8,000 kilometres away, by the public prosecutor in Zug, the Swiss canton in which FIFA resides.

On the 24 June, the prosecutor ended eight years of legal proceedings with a statement that put an end to the so-called ISL-affair.

Simultaneously, FIFA noted in a very brief media release “FIFA is pleased that the prosecutor of Zug has finalised his investigations?.

FIFA had reasons to be satisfied indeed. For although the Swiss prosecutor that day confirmed that FIFA officials had received millions of Swiss francs from the ISL company and kept them in their pockets, and that FIFA should pay a compensation of 5,5 million Swiss francss – around 4 million euros – things could have turned out much worse for football’s governing body.

The collapse of a marketing giant

For the ISL was no street vendor of services to FIFA. ISL stands for International Sport and Leisure and was from the early 1980’ies and until its collapse in 2001 by far the biggest sport marketing company in the world. It was founded by the Horst Dassler, whose family owned Adidas.

ISL bought TV and marketing rights from the international sports federations and the International Olympic Committee and re-sold them to media companies and private sponsors. Thanks to its close personal relations to FIFA and other big federations it became a driving force in the explosive commercialisation of elite sport.

However, even a booming company in a booming sector can make mistakes, and in 2001 the ISL collapsed because it had seriously overestimated the value of its products.

When the Swiss administrators took over the bankrupt ISL and started looking at the internal papers, they soon discovered some strange payments. In the first place, the liquidator of the company, Thomas Baur, found that at least 3,5 million Swiss francs (at the time 2,2 million euros) had been paid out in personal commissions and they started writing leading sports officials in order to get the money back.

And in 2004, Mr Bauer did get most of that money back. Not in many small portions, but on one big check of 2,5 million Swiss francs. It would of course be interesting where this sum came from and on behalf of which sports leaders it was paid back, but after hard work from a splendid Swiss lawyer, Peter Nobel – the Federal Court, the highest court in Switzerland, ruled that no names should be named.

Peter Nobel is not only an excellent player in the court room – a magician in his field you may say – he was also the man who issued the big check. And, coincidentally perhaps, he has for many years been the personal lawyer of Joseph S. Blatter, President of FIFA.

But this was only the beginning. Other parts of the Swiss justice had an interest in the ISL, and one investigative judge, Thomas Hildbrand, was particularly active, launching firstly one investigation into how six ISL-directors managed their affairs, and secondly another one into the relation between FIFA and the ISL.

138 million Swiss francs in kickbacks

In 2008, the court in the Swiss city of Zug concluded the first of these two cases, the proceedings against six former ISL directors for embezzling large portions of money belonging to FIFA. The legal case itself ended up with acquittals and mild sentences since the defendants could convince the judges that FIFA in reality had accepted the way ISL handled FIFA’s money.

But in the indictment a stunning revelation was brought forward and confirmed by the defendants in the court room:

Over 12 years, from 1989 to its bankruptcy in 2001, ISL handed out no less than 138 million Swiss francs – then 87 million euros – in personal commissions to sports leaders in order to get lucrative TV and marketing contracts.

The payments were channelled to the private pockets or bank accounts of high ranking sports leaders through an advanced system of secret funds in Liechtenstein and the British Virgin Islands. Some of the kickbacks were handed over personally by the top executive of the ISL, Jean-Marie Weber, who travelled around the world with a suitcase filled with cash.

Bribes as salaries for sports leaders

According to the defendant ISL directors, these payments were a normal and integral part of the daily sports business and a precondition if ISL wanted to sign contracts with their customers.

“I was told the company would not have existed if it had not made such payments,?

said former chief executive of the ISL Christoph Malms, and was backed the former director of finances, Hans-Jürg Schmid.

“It was like paying salaries. Otherwise they would have stopped working immediately?,

he said about the sports officials.

How come that the six directors admitted these secret personal commissions so freely? The answer is simple. In Switzerland this kind of kickbacks or bribes were not criminal until new anti-corruption legislation was passed in 2006.

And although the directors were quite open-mouthed, they did not risk their future career by dropping names in the court.

We only know that when ISL flourished, some of its most important customers besides FIFA were the ATP in tennis, IAAF in athletics, FINA in swimming, FIBA in basketball and for some years also the IOC.

You would perhaps expect that these organisations did react to the revelations in Zug by tracing corrupt sports leaders in their own ranks or at least distancing themselves publically from such malicious practices.

But no: From the international sports community there has only been one reaction to what is beyond comparison the biggest known corruption scandal in sport: Unanimous and complete silence.

After the verdicts in Zug 2008, there was still a hope: Perhaps the third and last criminal investigation could help us answer the simple question: Who took the bribes?

How much did they get each? – after all, 87 million euros is a lot of money, and not that many persons were in charge of TV and marketing contracts. Do these persons still hold important positions in sport?

Unfortunately, the end of the ISL affair this summer did not answer any of these questions.

The settlement does confirm what FIFA has long denied: That FIFA officials have taken millions of Swiss francs from the ISL in return for contracts. And it does oblige FIFA to pay back some of the money stolen from sport.

But even if we assume that all cheques have been paid by FIFA: 2,5 million Swiss francs to the liquidators, 5,5 million Swiss francs in the recent decision plus the costs of the legal procedure – we are still far from the impressing 138 million Swiss francs that went with the corruption. The financial balance is clearly in favour of those who cheated.

Before I go deeper into analysing the mechanisms that allow such a huge scandal to run almost unnoticed by the world public, one more important question arises from the ISL case:

Is the magic over?

Did corruption in sports organisations die with the ISL in 2001, and is the buying and selling of TV and marketing rights now a clean business?

No answers given at Olympic congress

I raised this question during a session about “Good governance and ethichs? at the Olympic Congress in Copenhagen last year where over 1,200 high ranking sports officials gathered to discuss the challenges to sport. The answer from the moderator, Youssoupha Ndiaye from the IOC Ethics Commission, was easy to understand:

“The panel does not answer questions?.

To be fair, the audience was quite amused by that response. Well, perhaps not all – probably not the man sitting a few rows from me, Jean-Marie Weber, the man who once travelled the world with a suitcase full of money.

I do not know which tasks the elegant Weber had at the Olympic Congress, but it cost the IOC President Rogge some sweat explaining Weber’s presence. It was apparently not the IOC itself that had invited him, but to get an accreditation through the strict security measures of that meeting you had to have very good connections in the so-called Olympic family of sport.

Mario Goijman und die Nachwehen des Volleygates

Ich habe Mario Goijman, den tapferen Argentinier, schon oft gewürdigt, hier und anderswo. Ich hatte Tränen in den Augen, als der wunderbare Mario 2005 bei der vierten Play-the-Game-Konferenz in Kopenhagen den Ehrenpreis erhielt. Die Bekanntschaft mit Goijman, sein unglaublicher Kampf, sein fulminanter Vortrag damals und seine einzigartige Webseite, auf der er das VOLLEYGATE dokumentiert, haben mich schwer beeindruckt – und mir wohl auch einen Energieschub verschafft. Denn nach dieser Erfahrung habe ich damals, unmittelbar nach Play the Game 2005, die sportnetzwerk-Diskussion eröffnet.

Ich sehe gerade, dass Goijmans Webseite zum Volleygate nicht erreichbar ist und weiß gar nicht, ob er sie wegen juristischer Probleme aus dem Netz nehmen musste. Deshalb die Empfehlung zu Play the Game, wo zahlreiche Artikel, Links, Dokumente etc. zum Volleygate zusammen gestellt sind. Außerdem empfehle ich die Beiträge von Javier Cáceres (Süddeutsche) und Christian Putsch (Die Welt). Mario Goijman hat (s)ein Kapitel zum Buch „Korruption im Sport“ geschrieben: „the breathtaking story of King Rubén and Queen Malú“.

Lange Vorrede, nun zum Thema: Goijman hat einen verzehrenden Kampf gegen den Sonnenkönig Acosta, die Schweizer Justiz und die Ignoranz des IOC ausgefochten. Er hat diesen ungleichen Kampf mit seinem Vermögen bezahlt, mit seiner Gesundheit, mit seiner Ehe, mit seinen Ehrenämtern. Nun wird er sogar von der argentinischen Justiz belangt, weil er damals, als Organisationschef der Volleyball-WM 2002, für die Vergehen seines Vertragspartners (FIVB/Acosta) gerade stehen musste. Gerade hat Mario Goijman in einer traurigen Email seine Teilnahme an der sechsten Auflage von Play the Game in Coventry absagen müssen.

So trifft es einen, der die Probleme nicht in der Sportfamilie lösen will, sondern Transparenz herstellt, Korruption aufdeckt und Gerechtigkeit vor Gericht einfordert. So trifft es einen, der sich selbst als Whistleblower und Sport Justice Fighter bezeichnet. Bitte unbedingt lesen!

Von: mario goijman
Gesendet: Dienstag, 9. Juni 2009 17:12
An: Jens Sejer Andersen; Ezequiel Fernández Moores, Pablo Vignone, Andrew Jennings, Henrik Brandt, Jens Weinreich
Betreff: RE: Last information for Play the Game speakers

Buenos Aires, Jun 9  2009 

Dear Play the Games friends. 

I have sad tears in my eyes and a great depression in my chest. Also when I sat in front of my Computer I can not hold my strong sensation of injustice and my loneliness.

Most of the people I know had forgotten what happened in Argentina and Switzerland with my fight inside my sport: Volleyball; they seem to remember that something unfair and not clear occurred since 2002, and the World Championship held in my country, and a following fight in Lausanne, but they don’t remember details about it, and the names of Ruben Acosta, Mario Goijman, Jean Pierre Seppey and the FIVB (International Volleyball Federation) are confused in their minds.

Thanks to Play the Games I had now the opportunity to remind them the facts, that made that organization to give me the PLAY THE GAME AWARD 2005, for my fight against corruption in Sport, and to know from first hand what happened after that, inside the FIVB, and mainly in the Lausanne Courts. 

But the Mario Goijman you knew in 2002 or 2005 is different now.

Damaged by the fight, being ignored by many of the silent (accomplices for omission) participants in the Volleyball World, damaged by their disloyalty to principles and justice, and dominated by dirty interest, or scared to intervene while and innocent, proactive and honest leader from a country very far away from the main world was lynched.